What Makes a Safe Tattoo Ink?

Tattoos have transformed from cultural taboos into mainstream phenomena across the world. In the US and Europe, the youth can be seen sporting colorful body art more than their parents, an indicator of how socially acceptable skin art has become.

Statistics show that about 12% of Europeans have at least one tattoo. The figures are higher among Americans as more than 20% have some skin graphics to flaunt. Another study reveals that approximately 40% of American adults in the 26-40 age bracket have had some needlework done.  Tattooing is so common nowadays that the researchers studying tattoos, even if they aren't inked, know others who are!

 

Components

 

Multiple studies have shown that most tattoo enthusiasts don’t know what is contained in tattoo inks.  However, understanding what tattoo inks comprise is one way you can minimize the risks to health and safety.


Tattoo inks consist of these two primary components:

Pigments give tattoos their brilliant colors.  Modern tattoo inks are a mixture of traditional mineral pigments and modern industrial organic pigments.  Also called dyes or colorants, pigments can be obtained from minerals, plants or even plastics.  They can exist as small solid particles or as discrete molecules such as titanium dioxide or iron oxide.

The carrier dissolves the dyes and helps spread them from the needle tip to the surrounding skin.  Carriers ensure ink mixes evenly, is free of germs or pathogens, prevent clumping, and support consistent application.

Today, tattoo ink manufacturers use safe carriers such as propylene glycol, glycerin, ethyl alcohol, and distilled water.  Some manufacturers may also add a small amount of grain or isopropyl alcohol along with a touch of witch hazel to help the skin heal.

 

How Tattoo Ink Permeates the Skin

The tattoo artist chooses the desired color of tattoo ink and loads it into a machine that has needles attached to it. 

In the tattooing process, the machine moves the needles up and down very quickly to make small punctures past the epidermis which helps push tiny particles of ink into the middle layers of the skin (the dermis). 

Color pigments (tiny color particles) from the tattoo ink solution stay behind once the carrier solution is removed by the body.  The skin around the tattoo site receives more blood flow during the healing process, which helps remove any remaining carrier agent, water, or pigments.  Aiding in the healing process are special cells in your body called macrophages which surround remaining particles didn't disperse.  This helps keep the pigment particles in place. 

As ink particles are fixed in the mid layers of your skin, their chemical composition could result in adverse health reactions where the components were untested and unapproved. 

Should all go smoothly, and your skin completely heals, the tattoo graphics will be etched on your skin with its design and colors intact.


Telltale Signs of Safe Tattoo Inks

 

The characteristics of safe tattoo ink can vary, but here are some key aspects to consider:

Non-toxic ingredients

Research shows that tattoo inks may contain levels of heavy metals undetectable by MRI or metal detectors.  The more tattoos you have, the higher the concentration of heavy metals in your bloodstream when using non-recommended types of ink. It is important that your ink is free from harmful substances. 

Raw ingredients used may contain impurities.  Certain dyes in the ink, such as azo-containing dyes are generally safe but can become carcinogenic compounds when exposed to bacteria or ultraviolet light. 

Scientists have also raised concerns about what happens to these inks over time. It's not clear if sunlight or natural processes in the body break down the chemicals in the ink, potentially creating by-products with side effects of their own.

With all of this in mind, you should choose a trusted ink that puts safety first.

Sterility

Ink must be manufactured and packaged in a clean, germ-free environment to avoid any contamination or infection. 

Although tattoo inks are generally safe, it is important to realize that different countries may have different standards for how they are manufactured.  Even in the US, there are no specific FDA regulations for tattoo inks.  However, reputable manufacturers often have their own strict rules that they must follow when making ink.

Before using tattoo ink, you should check that it has been sterilized.  Leading brands employ a unique process, known as gamma radiation, which helps kill harmful bacteria.  Also, make sure that the ink does not contain any toxic ingredients that can cause health problems.

By keeping these things in mind, you can be sure that you are choosing a safe tattoo ink for your body.

 

Color Stability

A good quality ink should retain its color and vibrancy over time. You do not want your tattoo to fade or change color as this can affect the overall appearance of your tattoo.

Ink should be formulated to flow easily on the skin and stay in place once injected. This will ensure that the tattoo remains clear and defined.

You want your tattoo to be durable and last for many years without fading.It should also retain its color and not fade once the tattoo has fully healed.

Because it's difficult to know how ink works without testing it, you can get information from other people. Check out online reviews of different ink products to see what other people's experiences have been.  It can also be helpful to speak to reputable tattoo artists for direct feedback and recommendations.

 

Allergen-Free

Tattoo ink has even been found in lymph nodes and other tissues, suggesting that insoluble pigment particles through the bloodstream may move more extensively through our bodies than previously thought.

Red pigments in particular have been associated with higher rates of allergic reactions. However, its possible that the cause may not be the pigments themselves.

A survey conducted in New York's Central Park found that 6% of tattooed individuals reported chronic reactions, such as itchiness, swelling, or raised skin.  It's important to note that while an allergic reaction may not be a big deal for a small tattoo, it can become a concern for larger tattoos, like a sleeve.

Unfortunately, it's challenging to investigate whether tattoo pigments in the body pose long-term risks, such as an increased likelihood of developing diseases like cancer.

Tattoo ink manufacturers typically formulate their products using ingredients originally intended for textiles, paints, and other industries.  This poses a challenge for toxicologists and health experts, as existing health data doesn't account for these ingredients residing in the skin for extended periods.  As a result, questions remain about what factors contribute to adverse health events, such as infections, allergic reactions, and other skin problems associated with tattoos.

Ideally, safe tattoo inks should be free from common allergens like nickel, cobalt, or any ingredients that can potentially trigger allergic reactions in susceptible individuals.

Approved pigments

Studies have shown that some of the ink gets into immune cells called macrophages, which gobble up foreign substances or microbes.  When these cells die, they shed the pigment, which is then taken up by new cells. 

Small amounts of blood are common during tattooing, indicating that blood vessels may be damaged and that ink can enter the bloodstream.  There have also been reports of severe reactions caused by the release of allergens into the bloodstream when the ink particles spread on the skin.  Unfortunately, it is difficult to study whether having tattoo pigments on the body poses any long-term risks. 

Ideally, safe tattoo inks should be free of common allergens such as nickel, cobalt, or other ingredients that can cause allergic reactions in susceptible individuals.  Always check online to see what brands use safe pigments.

 

Transparency

At Binghamton University, scientists conducted a study on almost 100 different tattoo colors.  They found that labels on ink bottles are often wrong and that some inks contain tiny particles that can damage human cells.  Some colors were mislabeled and some important fabrics were not mentioned at all.

Knowing what is actually in the inks helps us stay safe and informed. Manufacturers should provide clear and accurate lists of the ingredients they use.  This allows tattoo artists and clients to make smart decisions. 

You can avoid things that might cause skin allergies or damage by checking online to see what tattoo brands label accurately.

Manufacturing Standards

When it comes to tattoo inks, regulations can vary between countries. 

Unfortunately, even in the United States, tattoo inks are lightly regulated and manufacturers don't have to disclose ingredients. 

In Europe, however, countries require ingredient labeling and restrict harmful chemicals.  Additionally, some tattoo inks with excessive amounts of harmful substances have been removed from the market following the EU regulations enacted in 2022 to prevent harmful substances in tattoo inks. 

To ensure public health and safety, tattoo inks should be produced following good manufacturing practices. 

Remember to prioritize your safety by choosing tattoo inks that comply with good manufacturing practices.

Organic or Vegan

Organic inks contain products of animal origin such as beeswax, bone char, shellac from beetles, cod liver oil or glycerin from animal fat.  Vegan ink manufacturers choose to replace these animal-based ingredients with vegetable glycerin and Virginian extracts. 

In the past, tattoo ink was made from ingredients like heavy metals, rust, carbon, and even ballpoint ink.  Nowadays there is a trend towards using vegan or organic pigments in modern inks.  Modern inks contain over 200 different additives and colorants.  Many pigments are approved for cosmetic use, but some may not be suitable for your body and skin. 

Vegan inks are considered less harmful than mineral-based inks that contain heavy metals.  They have a lower presence of toxic and chemical substances than traditional inks.  The products they produce are also not tested on animals. Therefore, always enquire if the tattoo ink you’re using is vegan-friendly.

 

We Make Ink Do More

Paul Park, The Xtreme Team

For the most recent tattoo art made with Xtreme Inks by tattoo artists who are pushing the boundaries of self-expression, check out our Instagram.

For more information on our collector’s tattoo ink sets, please take a look at our piece on Xtreme Inks: Artist Collections.

Latest Posts

TAGS

#AnimalTattoos#asianart #tattoodesign #irezumi #calligraphytattoo #mandalatattoo#BlackworkTattoos #TattooArtistry #BodyArt #PersonalExpression #TattooSymbolism #TattooCulture #TattooDesigns #AncientTribalTattoos #ModernTattoos #PersonalNarratives#BodybuildingAndTattoos#BodyPositive#CleanLines#CleanTattooEnvironment#ColorPalette#DelicateDesigns#Empowerment#FineLineTattoos#FineLineTattooTips#geishatattoo #japaneseculture #irezumi #neotraditionaltattoo#HealingThroughArt#InkSterilization#IntricateTattoos#MuscleGrowth#ParamedicalTattooing#PhysiqueAndTattoos#PrisonTattoos #TattooCulture #InmateIdentity #TattooHistory #InmateSurvival #PrisonCulture#Scars#SkinArt#StretchMarks#TatiannaB#TattooAftercare#TattooApplication#TattooArt#TattooArtistsGuide#TattooCare#TattooColors#TattooGuide#TattooHealthConsequences#Tattooing #Architecture #ArchitecturalTattoos #LandmarkTattoos #ArtForms#Tattooing #CollageTattoos #TattooArt #PersonalStories #BodyArt#TattooInk#TattooInkSterilization#TattooRemastering #OldTattoos #TattooArtists #RodgerLaw #BrunoLima #XtremeTeam#TattooRisks#TattooSafety#TattooStyles#TattooTechniques3d effect tattoo3D Printing3d tattoo3D tattoos7 signs of intelligence7 signs you're a talented tattoo artist7 signs you're incredibly talentedAbstract TattoosAcceptanceaccessory packageaccurate stencilachieving optimal resultsAcne-Prone Skinacrylic-freeadditivesadjustable tattoo machineadjusting ink consistencyAdventureAdvocacyaesthetic appealAesthetic ConsiderationsAfricaAfter Inked Tattoo Aftercare LotionAftercareage of tattooAgricultureair compressorAlcohol ConsumptionAll Starallergic reactionsallergic reactions to inkallergic reactions to tattoosalternative inksAlternative MethodsAlternative Tattoo Practiceamericana tattoosanchor tattooAncient AngkorAncient TattoosAncient TraditionsAndy Warholanesthetic side effectsAnimal IdentificationAnimal Resource CenterAnimal SheltersAnimal SpiritsAnimal TattoosAnimal WelfareAnimated Film SeriesAnimationAnimeanti-aging skincareantibioticsantiseptic ingredientsAnxietyAotearoaapanese tattoosapprenticeshiparmature barArtart and cultureart and fashionArt AppreciationArt CollectionArt CommodificationArt EvolutionArt Exhibitionart formsart high school in PolandArt MarketArt Movementart stylesart therapyartist collectionsartist-client relationshipartistic brillianceartistic challengesartistic expressionArtistic growthArtistic InnovationArtistic Journeyartistic prowessartistic shadingartistic skillsartistic stylesartistic symbolismArtistryartists use neutral colors forAsh KetchumAsiaAsianTribalTattoosassembling a tattoo gunAstrologyAstrology TattoosAstronomy TattoosAsuka LangleyAt-Home Tattooingathletic achievements tattoos.athletic tattoosato legaspiAto Legaspi's Realism Color Setattoo HistoryAwarenessbback tattoosbacteriaBaking TattoosBangkok InkBangkok Tattoosbarrier creamsBear TattoosBeauty StandardsBecoming a tattoo artistbeginner guideBeginner Tattoo ArtistBeginner Tattoo Artistsbeginnersbest blue tattoo inkbest female artistsbest female tattoo artistsbest green tattoo inkbest inkbest street art tattoosbest tattoo inkBest Tattoo PensBeverage TattoosBicep TattoosBio-InksBiomechanical TattoosBiosecuritybird tattooBirthmarksBlack & Grey tattoosblack and gray tattoosblack and grey tattooBlack and Grey TattooingBlack and Grey TattoosBlack Fridayblack inkBlack Magic Tattoo Inkblack tattoo inkblackbird tattooBlacklight TattoosBlackwork TattooBlackwork Tattoosbleaching propertiesblending tattoo inkBlockchain Technologyblood thinnersBlood Thinningblood-borne pathogensblue and green tattoo inkBlue Butterfly Tattooblue inkblue ink symbolblue tattooblue tattoo inkblue tattoo ink meaningbody artbody art and identityBody Art in IndiaBody Art.Body modificationBody Positivitybody tattoosBold Colorsbold fontsbold inkbold tattoosBook CharactersBook-Inspired TattoosBotanical Tattoosbottlingbrand identitybrand loyaltybrand reputationbrandsbreaking beauty standardsbreaking stereotypesbreathable barrierBrushstroke CalligraphyBrushstroke TattoosBuddhismBuddhist tattoosBuilding a portfoliobusiness insurancebusiness managementbusiness planButterfly TattoocalciumCalligraphy StylesCalligraphy TattoosCambodian MilitaryCambodian spiritual tattooscan you tattoo over black ink?carbon inkcarcinogenic riskscarcinogenscarrier liquids in tattooingCat TattoosCelestial SymbolsCelestial TattoosCeltic Folklorechair rental for tattoo artistschallengeschallenging gender normschallenging processCharacter TattoosCharactersChef Tattooschemical reactionschemical stabilityChest TattoosCheyenne Hawk PenChineseTattoosChiShenchlorinecircle tattooCitrus FruitsClean Linescleaning guidelinescleaning solutionclientClient Collaborationclient communicationClient Relationshipclient safetyclogged poresCloud StorageclumpingCollaborationcollaborative creativitycollagencolorcolor consistencyColor Enhancerscolor fadingcolor mixingcolor paletteColor Precisioncolor psychologycolor realismcolor retentioncolor saturationcolor spreadingColor SymbolismColor Tattooscolor theorycolor theory in tattooscolor-changing inkcolored tattooscolorfastnesscoloring techniquesComic TattoosCommitmentCommunitycommunity engagementcompatibilitycompatibility with skin tonescompetitioncompositionconcentrationconsistencyConstellation TattoosconsultationContact Dermatitiscontact screwContemporary Artcontrastcorneocytescorporate social responsibilityCosmetic TattooingcosmicCosmic TattoosCosplayCostume Playcountry-specific tattoo rulescover up tattoocover-up tattoosCraniofacial Surgerycreative collaborationCreative ExpressionCreative Ideascreative processCreativitycross-contaminationCrown ChakraCrown of the HeadCulinary ProfessionCulinary TattoosculturalCultural AppreciationCultural AppropriationCultural CommentaryCultural Cuisine Tattooscultural expressioncultural heritagecultural identitycultural impactcultural influencescultural narrativescultural originscultural perspectivesCultural PreservationCultural Respectcultural sensitivitycultural shiftcultural significancecultural significance of tattooscultural symbolsCultural Tattoo HistoryCultural TattoosCultural tattoos Southeast AsiaCultural traditionCultural TraditionsCulture and Tattooscursive fontscustom designCustom Designscustom shadesCustom Tattoo Designcustomer relationsdandelion tattooDark Horse Tattoodark tattoo inkDayakTutangdeep black inkDekudelayed reaction to tattoosdelicate tattoosDepressionDepthDermal DiseasesdermatitisDermatographydermatologistDermatologyDermisdermis layerdesigner collectionsdesired resultDeveloping drawing skillsDiabetic PatientsDiagnostic MethodsDigital ArtDigital Art ToolsDigital Revolutiondilution solutiondiscolorationDisney Tattoosdisplay fontsdisposable cartridgesdistilled waterDiversityDIYDIY TattooDIY tattoo stencilDIY TattoosdocumentationDotworkDr. WooDragonhawk Mast PenDrawing skillsDream ImageryDream SymbolsDream-Inspired Tattoosdry skindual functionalitydurable constructiondurable tattoo inkdynamic tattoo designse-commerceeagle tattooEarning potentialeasier tattooingeco-friendly inkseczemaEducationEdward Elricelegant tattoosElimination ChallengesEmerging Artistsemerging technologiesEmma Kierzekemotional connectionemotional milestonesemotional paletteEmotional SignificanceEmpowering ArtistsEmpowering SymbolsEmpowermentempowerment tattoosend resultsEndoscopic Tattooingengraved tattoosenhanced realismEnso CircleEnso Tattoosentering the skinentrepreneurshipenvironmental awarenessenvironmental responsibilityEphemeral Artepidermisepisode themeEren Yeagerergonomicsetched effectethereal tattoosEthereum BlockchainEthical Considerationsethical tattoo practicesethical tattoo productsEthical TattooingEU regulationEuropeevolutionevolving tattoo technologyExo Black Tattoo InkExo WhiteExperienced tattoo artistexperimenting with inkexpert tattoo artistsexpiration dateextra blackExtra WhiteExtraterrestrial Tattoo DesignsExtremeTravelEyelash Technicianfacial tattoosfadingfair competitionfake info about tattoosfake skin practicefalcon tattoofamily tattoosFan DedicationFandomfashion collaborationfashion industry.FDA regulationFDA regulation of tattoo inksFDA regulations on tattoo ink.feather tattoofemale tattoo artistfemale tattoo artistsfemale tattoosfeminine tattoosfeminist tattoosfilm dressingFinding a mentorFinding ClientsFine Artfine line tattoosfine particle sizefine-line techniquesFirst tattooFitzpatrick ScaleFK Irons ExoFK Irons SpektraFlash Challengesflat needlesflower tattoosFolkloreFood and Drink TattoosFood Inspired TattoosFood Lovers Tattoosforearm tattoosForensic MedicineFree For Artistsfreedom tattoosfreehand tattoofreehand techniqueFreemasonryfruit tattoo practiceFruit Tattooingfruit tattoosFundraisingFuture of Tattoosfuture trendsfuture trends in tattoo removalFuturistic TattoosGalaxy Tattoosgaming cultureGastronomyGen ZGenZTravelgeometric designsgeometric tattoosglobal practicesglobal talentglobal tattoo standardsglovesGlow-in-the-Dark TattoosglycerinGokuGold Tattoo InkGood Luck Charmsgothgoth tattoosgothic fontsgothic portraitsgothic tattoosgothicaGraffiti ArtistGranulomasgranulomas from tattoosgray realismGreek Mythologygreen ink supplygreen soapgreen tattoo inkgreywashguide to mixing colorsguide to mixing tattoo inksHand and Finger Tattooshand tattoosHand-Poked Tattooshand-tappingHands-on experiencehandwritten fontshard waterHarry Potter TattoosHawaiian tattooshawk tattooHealinghealing processhealing tattoo inkhealth and safetyhealth consciousnessHealth Directiveshealth regulationsHealth Riskshealth risks of tattooshealthcare providerheart tattooheavy metalsheavy metals in tattoo inkhectograph transfer paperHenna Practiceherb tattoosheritagehigh-quality inkhigh-quality tattoo inkHigher ConsciousnesshighlightingHighly experienced tattoo artistHindu tattooshiring staffHistorical SymbolsHistorical Tattooshistorical usehistoryhistory of tattooHistory of Tattooshistory of the tattoo needlehome tattoo removal techniquesHome Tattooinghomemade tattoo inkHoneydew Practicehori needleshormonal medicationsHorror Tattooshow to be a professional tattoo artist.how to begin tattoohow to dispose of tattoo inkhow to learn how to tattoohow to mix tattoo inkshow to prevent contamination in tattoo inkhow to start tattooinghow to store tattoo inkhow to use wetting solutionhuman canvashummingbird tattooHydrationhygieneHygiene and Safetyhygiene and sanitationIconic ImageryIconsIdentityIdentity FormationImaginationImmortalized TattoosImmune Responseimmune response modifiersImpulsive DecisionsInclusivityinclusivity.Indian Tattoo CultureIndian Tattoo HistoryIndianTribalTattoosindigenous artindigenous culturesIndigenous Tattoo TraditionsIndividual ExpressionindividualityIndonesianTattoosIndustry StandardsinfectiInfection RiskInfection Risksinfinity symbolinfinity symbol tattooinfinity tattoo designinfluencer marketingInk Absorptionink additivesink behaviorink breakdownink consistencyink contaminationink contamination risksink degradationink diluentsink dilutionink flowInk InteractionInk Longevityink manufacturersInk MasterInk Migrationink mixingInk Precisionink propertiesink qualityink quality and safetyink quality standardsink removalInk Reviewink saturationink setsink shelf lifeink storageInk Swatchesink textureink versatilityInk Vibrancyink viscosityInked Practiceinking in greenInkjecta Flite X1inkjet printerInner StrengthinnovationInnovation In Inkinorganic pigmentsInspirationInstagramintelligentintelligent signsinternational tattoo lawsInterpersonal skillsiPadsIrezumiirritationitchinessitchingitching after tattooiwiJapanese craftsmanshipJapanese FolkloreJapanese tattoo cultureJapanese tattoo needlesJapanese tattoo traditionsJapanese tattoosJokerKaneki KenkapeKat Von DKeith HaringKelly Dotykeratinizationkevin boudreauKielcekirituhikorukosher inkKwadron proteamlaser printerlaser tattoo removallatest postsleaf tattoosLearninglearning to tattooleg tattooslegacylegal aspectsLegal ConsiderationsLegendsLGBTQ+license renewallicensing feesLichenoid ReactionsLidocainelidocaine and tattooslife phaseslifelike portraitLifestylelight effects in tattooslightweight tattoo machinelimitationsliner machinelining and shading inkLining WhiteLion TattoosLiterary QuotesLiterature TattoosLivestock managementLivestock TattooingLiving Tattoo Artlocation of tattoolong-term exposurelong-term health effectslongevityLongevity symbolslove tattoosLuffymachine compatibilitymachine lubricationmagnesiummagnum needlesmainstream culturemainstream mediaMainstream Tattoosmaintenance tipsmale tattoomale tattoo ideasmanamanaging expectationsmandala tattoosmanual tattoo transfermanufacturersMaori cultureMaori Ta MokoMarine life tattoosmaritime-inspired fontsmarketingMarvel-inspired tattoosmasking skin conditionsMasonic SymbolsMasonic TattoosmatauMatt Hodelmeaningful tattoosMedical AlertMedical Alert Tattoosmedical field tattoo usesMedical RisksMedical Tattooingmedical tattoosmedical-grade alcoholmedicationsmemorial tattoosmemoriesMen's TattoosMental Healthmental health tattoosMentoringmentorshipMentorship in Tattooingmetallic inksMetallic TattoosMichal Wursztmicro tattoosMicropigmentationMiddle EastMikasa AckermanmiliaMillennialTravelMindfulnessmineral contentmineral-based tattoo inksminimalist tattoosmisconceptionsmixingmixing containermixing sticksmixing tattoo inksmixing techniquesmodern designsmodern fontsmodern tattoo artistsModern TattooingModern Tattooing in IndiaModern Technologymoisturized skinmoisturizingMolesMoon TattoosMoral Lessonsmountain tattooMoviesMRI complications with tattoosmulti-colored worksMuseum ArtMusic SymbolsMusic TattoosMythological TattoosMythologyMythology in Tattoosmyths about tattoosname tattoosNanotechnologyNarutoNative American tattoosNatsu Dragneelnatural healing processnatural oilsnatural remedies for tattoo removalNatural tattoo inkNature Tattoosneck tattoosneedle compatibilityneedle depthneedle gaugeneedle identificationneedle penetrationneedle sizeNeo TrNeo-traditional TattoosNeotraditional Tattoosneutral color setneutral colorsNew School 12 color setNew School tattoosnew tools in tattoosNew York Historical SocietyNew ZealandNFTsNightlifeNikko HurtadoNo Facenon-toxic materialsNorse mythologyNorth AmericaNumbing OintmentsNurturingOceaniaOld School tattoosoldest tattooOnline Platformsonline shoppingoozing and peeling after tattooOptical Illusionsorangesorganic inkorganic inksorganic pigmentsOrganic Tattoo InkOriental styleoriginsornamental tattoosOSHAotziowl tattooowning a tattoo studioPac-ManPain ManagementPain ReductionPain TolerancepassionPassion for tattooingpatient care advancementsPatient Identificationpeacock tattooPerceptionPermanent ArtPermanent Inkpermanent makeupPersonal EmpowermentPersonal ExpressionPersonal FreedomPersonal GrowthPersonal IdentityPersonal Journeypersonal journeyspersonal meaningPersonal NarrativesPersonal Significancepersonal stylePersonal SymbolismPersonal TattoosPersonal transformationPersonalized tattoo experiencepersonalizing tattoosPet Identification.pH changepH levelsPhoenix Tattoosphoto-realisticphotoallergic reactionPhotoallergic ReactionsPhotostability.Pig Skin Tattoopigmentpigment allergiespigment chemistspigment concentrationpigment dilutionpigment dispersionpigment dispersion sciencePigment Hypersensitivitypigment lightfastnesspigment migrationpigment qualitypigment-to-carrier ratioPigmentspinkspixel artPlaneta Biuplanning tattooPlastic Surgerypneumatic tattoo machinesPokémonPolandPolish tattoo artistPolycyclic Aromatic HydrocarbonspolynesianpoolPop ArtPop Culturepop culture influencePop Culture Referencespop culture tattoosPopular Sci-Fi Franchisespopular tattoos for womenPopularitypore blockageportable tattoo ink systemportable tattoo kitportfolio buildingPost-Operative Tattoospower supply settingsPower Tattoopractice and patiencePractice Materialsprecautionsprecision in tattooingprehistoric tattoospreservationpreventing smearingpridePrilocainePrimary Aromatic AminesProcreateProcreate Swatchesproductionprofessional considerations for tattoosprofessional developmentProfessional Suppliesprofessional tattoo artistsprofessional tattoo artists.Professional Tattoo Gearprofessional tattoo removalprofessional tattooingprofessionalismProfessionalTattooingproper ink storage