The Significance of Black Tattoo Ink in Traditional and Contemporary Tattooing

Introduction: A Brief Overview of Black Ink in Tattooing

In the sprawling landscape of tattoo artistry, one element has been a constant presence, etching its influence across cultures and generations: black ink. From the intricate linework of ancient tribal tattoos to the bold shading of contemporary designs, black ink has been the backbone of countless masterpieces etched onto skin.

It’s a versatile tool in the hands of a skilled tattoo artist, able to create striking contrasts, depict depth and dimension, or stand alone in minimalist designs.

Yet, beyond its visual appeal, black ink carries a depth of cultural significance and historical symbolism that adds layers of meaning to the art it helps create.

As we delve into this fascinating topic, remember, every drop of ink tells a story, and in this case, those stories are as rich and varied as the tapestry of human experience itself.

Key Takeaways

- Black ink holds significant historical and cultural value in traditional tattooing styles, such as Polynesian and Japanese Irezumi.

- The use of black ink is predominant in tattooing due to its durability, visibility, and versatility.

- Blackwork and tribal tattoos have led to a resurgence in the use of black ink.

- Innovations in black ink, such as UV and glow-in-the-dark tattoos, have expanded the possibilities of tattoo artistry.

- The shift in the use of black ink reflects cultural and aesthetic changes in the tattoo industry.

- Black tattoo ink is generally safe, but it's essential to be aware of potential allergies and choose high-quality ink.

- Choosing the right black ink for your tattoo requires considering your skin type, the tattoo's design, and the ink's quality.

The History and Symbolism of Black Ink in Traditional Tattooing

Long before the invention of colored inks, black was the sole color employed by early tattoo artists. Derived from soot or other natural materials, black ink was used to create markings that were more than mere decoration; they were statements of identity, expressions of faith, symbols of status, or protective amulets.

Polynesian Tattoo Art: How does black ink contribute to its unique aesthetic?

In Polynesian cultures, tattooing, or "tatau," is an art form steeped in tradition, spirituality, and social significance. Here, black ink takes center stage, its boldness perfectly suited to the geometric designs and symmetrical patterns characteristic of Polynesian tattoos.

Whether it's the elaborate 'Pe'a' of Samoa, full-body markings signifying courage and social status, or the intricate 'Moko' of Maori culture, a deeply personal expression of identity and lineage, black ink breathes life into these designs. Its starkness against the skin highlights every curve and line, creating a visual impact that's both striking and meaningful (Krutak, 2007).

Irezumi (Japanese tattoos): What role does black ink play?

Japanese tattooing, or "Irezumi," offers another compelling exploration of black ink's significance. Traditionally, Irezumi features large, vibrant designs that often cover large areas of the body. Despite the colorful nature of these tattoos, black ink plays an essential role.

In Irezumi, black ink, or "Sumi," is used to create the outlines and shading that give the designs their three-dimensional effect. More than that, it forms the basis of "Suji" or black-lined tattoos, a style that dates back to the Edo period in Japan (1603-1868). In Suji, the imagery is rendered entirely in shades of black, demonstrating the ink's versatility and the profound depth it can bring to a piece (Richie, 1980).

Blackwork and Tribal Tattoos: The Resurgence of Black Ink

While black ink has always held a significant place in the realm of tattooing, recent years have seen a resurgence in styles that foreground its use.

How do these tattoo styles rely on black ink?

Blackwork and tribal tattoos rely heavily on black ink, using it to create bold, often geometric designs. Blackwork, in essence, is a modern reinterpretation of early tribal markings, using solid, fully saturated fields of black to create high-contrast designs.

Similarly, tribal tattoos, inspired by indigenous cultures worldwide, utilize black ink to produce intricate patterns and symbols. Whether it's the flowing, nature-inspired designs of the Haida people or the sacred geometry of Celtic knots, black ink plays an essential role in capturing the essence of these styles (Hardy, 1989).

Who are some notable artists in this field?

Prominent artists like Roxx and Chaim Machlev have pushed the boundaries of blackwork, combining traditional elements with a contemporary aesthetic. Roxx's designs are known for their stark, geometric patterns, while Machlev, under the moniker "DotsToLines," combines precision linework and geometric shapes to create complex, minimalist designs.

In the tribal genre, artists like Leo Zulueta and Cliff Raven have been pivotal in popularizing these styles in the West. Drawing inspiration from traditional designs, they've helped create a bridge between ancient practices and modern tattoo artistry.

Remember, every dot and line we place on our skin tells a story. The beauty of black ink lies in its boldness, its versatility, and, above all, its ability to transcend time and culture, etching stories into our skin that endure (Fenske, 2005).

Why is Black Ink Predominant in Tattooing?

Black ink holds a fundamental place in tattooing for several practical reasons.

Durability: Black tattoo ink tends to retain its boldness and clarity over time. Unlike some colored inks, black ink is less likely to fade quickly, meaning tattoos remain vibrant for longer.

Visibility: The stark contrast between black ink and skin makes it ideal for outlining and defining designs. It helps to delineate intricate patterns and shapes and remains visible under varying light conditions.

Versatility: Black ink's versatility makes it a favorite among artists. It's suitable for various styles, from the delicate lines of fine-line tattoos to the bold and solid fill of tribal designs. It also serves as an excellent base for shading and creating a sense of depth and dimension in a design (Capon, 2018).

Health Implications of Black Tattoo Ink: Fact or Fiction?

The safety of tattoo inks, particularly black ink, has been a topic of discussion for many years. Some concerns revolve around the possibility of allergic reactions, infections, or the presence of harmful substances in the ink.

However, these risks are generally low, particularly when tattoos are done by a professional using sterile equipment and high-quality ink. Furthermore, allergic reactions tend to be more commonly associated with colored inks, particularly red and yellow. That said, it's always essential to perform a patch test before getting a tattoo, especially for people with sensitive skin or known allergies (Laux, et al., 2016).

The Cultural and Aesthetic Shifts in Black Ink Use

Over the years, the use of black ink in tattooing has evolved, reflecting changing cultural trends and aesthetic preferences.

For instance, styles like blackwork and tribal tattoos, once considered niche, have entered mainstream consciousness, demonstrating a growing appreciation for the bold and dramatic effect of black ink. Moreover, the minimalist tattoo trend has led to a rise in simple, black-ink designs, emphasizing the beauty of understatement and subtlety in contrast to more elaborate, multi-colored pieces (Fenske, 2005).

A Guide to Choosing the Right Black Ink for Your Tattoo

Choosing the right black ink is crucial for achieving the best result. Here are a few things to consider:

Quality: High-quality ink can make a significant difference in the appearance and longevity of a tattoo. Look for inks from reputable manufacturers that comply with safety standards.

Type: Black inks come in different types, such as lining, shading, or tribal black. Each has a different consistency and is used for different purposes. Discuss with your artist what type is best for your design.

Skin Type: Black ink usually shows up well on all skin types. However, if you have darker skin, a denser black might be necessary to ensure visibility.

Patch Test: Always do a patch test before getting a tattoo to rule out possible allergic reactions (Capon, 2018).

Conclusion: The Future of Black Ink in Tattooing

Black ink's deep roots in tattooing history and its timeless appeal suggest it will continue to play a pivotal role in the tattoo industry's future. With technological advancements, we can expect to see further innovations and creative uses of black ink. Its versatility, combined with its historical and cultural significance, ensures that black ink will remain an essential tool in the tattoo artist's palette, shaping the tattoo narratives of the future.

 

We Make Ink Do More

Paul Park, The Xtreme Team

For the most recent tattoo art made with Xtreme Inks by tattoo artists who are pushing the boundaries of self-expression, check out our Instagram.

For more information on our sets, please take a look at our piece on Xtreme Inks: Artist Collections.

Latest Posts

https://www.instagram.com/p/CtAylm4KVJr/

TAGS

#AnimalTattoos#asianart #tattoodesign #irezumi #calligraphytattoo #mandalatattoo#BlackworkTattoos #TattooArtistry #BodyArt #PersonalExpression #TattooSymbolism #TattooCulture #TattooDesigns #AncientTribalTattoos #ModernTattoos #PersonalNarratives#BodybuildingAndTattoos#BodyPositive#CleanLines#CleanTattooEnvironment#ColorPalette#DelicateDesigns#Empowerment#FineLineTattoos#FineLineTattooTips#geishatattoo #japaneseculture #irezumi #neotraditionaltattoo#HealingThroughArt#InkSterilization#IntricateTattoos#MuscleGrowth#ParamedicalTattooing#PhysiqueAndTattoos#PrisonTattoos #TattooCulture #InmateIdentity #TattooHistory #InmateSurvival #PrisonCulture#Scars#SkinArt#StretchMarks#TatiannaB#TattooAftercare#TattooApplication#TattooArt#TattooArtistsGuide#TattooCare#TattooColors#TattooGuide#TattooHealthConsequences#Tattooing #Architecture #ArchitecturalTattoos #LandmarkTattoos #ArtForms#Tattooing #CollageTattoos #TattooArt #PersonalStories #BodyArt#TattooInk#TattooInkSterilization#TattooRemastering #OldTattoos #TattooArtists #RodgerLaw #BrunoLima #XtremeTeam#TattooRisks#TattooSafety#TattooStyles#TattooTechniques3d effect tattoo3D Printing3d tattoo3D tattoos7 signs of intelligence7 signs you're a talented tattoo artist7 signs you're incredibly talentedAbstract TattoosAcceptanceaccessory packageaccurate stencilachieving optimal resultsAcne-Prone Skinacrylic-freeadditivesadjustable tattoo machineadjusting ink consistencyAdventureAdvocacyaesthetic appealAesthetic ConsiderationsAfricaAfter Inked Tattoo Aftercare LotionAftercareage of tattooAgricultureair compressorAlcohol ConsumptionAll Starallergic reactionsallergic reactions to inkallergic reactions to tattoosalternative inksAlternative MethodsAlternative Tattoo Practiceamericana tattoosanchor tattooAncient AngkorAncient TattoosAncient TraditionsAndy Warholanesthetic side effectsAnimal IdentificationAnimal Resource CenterAnimal SheltersAnimal SpiritsAnimal TattoosAnimal WelfareAnimated Film SeriesAnimationAnimeanti-aging skincareantibioticsantiseptic ingredientsAnxietyAotearoaapanese tattoosapprenticeshiparmature barArtart and cultureart and fashionArt AppreciationArt CollectionArt CommodificationArt EvolutionArt Exhibitionart formsart high school in PolandArt MarketArt Movementart stylesart therapyartist collectionsartist-client relationshipartistic brillianceartistic challengesartistic expressionArtistic growthArtistic InnovationArtistic Journeyartistic prowessartistic shadingartistic skillsartistic stylesartistic symbolismArtistryartists use neutral colors forAsh KetchumAsiaAsianTribalTattoosassembling a tattoo gunAstrologyAstrology TattoosAstronomy TattoosAsuka LangleyAt-Home Tattooingathletic achievements tattoos.athletic tattoosato legaspiAto Legaspi's Realism Color Setattoo HistoryAwarenessbback tattoosbacteriaBaking TattoosBangkok InkBangkok Tattoosbarrier creamsBear TattoosBeauty StandardsBecoming a tattoo artistbeginner guideBeginner Tattoo ArtistBeginner Tattoo Artistsbeginnersbest blue tattoo inkbest female artistsbest female tattoo artistsbest green tattoo inkbest inkbest street art tattoosbest tattoo inkBest Tattoo PensBeverage TattoosBicep TattoosBio-InksBiomechanical TattoosBiosecuritybird tattooBirthmarksBlack & Grey tattoosblack and gray tattoosblack and grey tattooBlack and Grey TattooingBlack and Grey TattoosBlack Fridayblack inkBlack Magic Tattoo Inkblack tattoo inkblackbird tattooBlacklight TattoosBlackwork TattooBlackwork Tattoosbleaching propertiesblending tattoo inkBlockchain Technologyblood thinnersBlood Thinningblood-borne pathogensblue and green tattoo inkBlue Butterfly Tattooblue inkblue ink symbolblue tattooblue tattoo inkblue tattoo ink meaningbody artbody art and identityBody Art in IndiaBody Art.Body modificationBody Positivitybody tattoosBold Colorsbold fontsbold inkbold tattoosBook CharactersBook-Inspired TattoosBotanical Tattoosbottlingbrand identitybrand loyaltybrand reputationbrandsbreaking beauty standardsbreaking stereotypesbreathable barrierBrushstroke CalligraphyBrushstroke TattoosBuddhismBuddhist tattoosBuilding a portfoliobusiness insurancebusiness managementbusiness planButterfly TattoocalciumCalligraphy StylesCalligraphy TattoosCambodian MilitaryCambodian spiritual tattooscan you tattoo over black ink?carbon inkcarcinogenic riskscarcinogenscarrier liquids in tattooingCat TattoosCelestial SymbolsCelestial TattoosCeltic Folklorechair rental for tattoo artistschallengeschallenging gender normschallenging processCharacter TattoosCharactersChef Tattooschemical reactionschemical stabilityChest TattoosCheyenne Hawk PenChineseTattoosChiShenchlorinecircle tattooCitrus FruitsClean Linescleaning guidelinescleaning solutionclientClient Collaborationclient communicationClient Relationshipclient safetyclogged poresCloud StorageclumpingCollaborationcollaborative creativitycollagencolorcolor consistencyColor Enhancerscolor fadingcolor mixingcolor paletteColor Precisioncolor psychologycolor realismcolor retentioncolor saturationcolor spreadingColor SymbolismColor Tattooscolor theorycolor theory in tattooscolor-changing inkcolored tattooscolorfastnesscoloring techniquesComic TattoosCommitmentCommunitycommunity engagementcompatibilitycompatibility with skin tonescompetitioncompositionconcentrationconsistencyConstellation TattoosconsultationContact Dermatitiscontact screwContemporary Artcontrastcorneocytescorporate social responsibilityCosmetic TattooingcosmicCosmic TattoosCosplayCostume Playcountry-specific tattoo rulescover up tattoocover-up tattoosCraniofacial Surgerycreative collaborationCreative ExpressionCreative Ideascreative processCreativitycross-contaminationCrown ChakraCrown of the HeadCulinary ProfessionCulinary TattoosculturalCultural AppreciationCultural AppropriationCultural CommentaryCultural Cuisine Tattooscultural expressioncultural heritagecultural identitycultural impactcultural influencescultural narrativescultural originscultural perspectivesCultural PreservationCultural Respectcultural sensitivitycultural shiftcultural significancecultural significance of tattooscultural symbolsCultural Tattoo HistoryCultural TattoosCultural tattoos Southeast AsiaCultural traditionCultural TraditionsCulture and Tattooscursive fontscustom designCustom Designscustom shadesCustom Tattoo Designcustomer relationsdandelion tattooDark Horse Tattoodark tattoo inkDayakTutangdeep black inkDekudelayed reaction to tattoosdelicate tattoosDepressionDepthDermal DiseasesdermatitisDermatographydermatologistDermatologyDermisdermis layerdesigner collectionsdesired resultDeveloping drawing skillsDiabetic PatientsDiagnostic MethodsDigital ArtDigital Art ToolsDigital Revolutiondilution solutiondiscolorationDisney Tattoosdisplay fontsdisposable cartridgesdistilled waterDiversityDIYDIY TattooDIY tattoo stencilDIY TattoosdocumentationDotworkDr. WooDragonhawk Mast PenDrawing skillsDream ImageryDream SymbolsDream-Inspired Tattoosdry skindual functionalitydurable constructiondurable tattoo inkdynamic tattoo designse-commerceeagle tattooEarning potentialeasier tattooingeco-friendly inkseczemaEducationEdward Elricelegant tattoosElimination ChallengesEmerging Artistsemerging technologiesEmma Kierzekemotional connectionemotional milestonesemotional paletteEmotional SignificanceEmpowering ArtistsEmpowering SymbolsEmpowermentempowerment tattoosend resultsEndoscopic Tattooingengraved tattoosenhanced realismEnso CircleEnso Tattoosentering the skinentrepreneurshipenvironmental awarenessenvironmental responsibilityEphemeral Artepidermisepisode themeEren Yeagerergonomicsetched effectethereal tattoosEthereum BlockchainEthical Considerationsethical tattoo practicesethical tattoo productsEthical TattooingEU regulationEuropeevolutionevolving tattoo technologyExo Black Tattoo InkExo WhiteExperienced tattoo artistexperimenting with inkexpert tattoo artistsexpiration dateextra blackExtra WhiteExtraterrestrial Tattoo DesignsExtremeTravelEyelash Technicianfacial tattoosfadingfair competitionfake info about tattoosfake skin practicefalcon tattoofamily tattoosFan DedicationFandomfashion collaborationfashion industry.FDA regulationFDA regulation of tattoo inksFDA regulations on tattoo ink.feather tattoofemale tattoo artistfemale tattoo artistsfemale tattoosfeminine tattoosfeminist tattoosfilm dressingFinding a mentorFinding ClientsFine Artfine line tattoosfine particle sizefine-line techniquesFirst tattooFitzpatrick ScaleFK Irons ExoFK Irons SpektraFlash Challengesflat needlesflower tattoosFolkloreFood and Drink TattoosFood Inspired TattoosFood Lovers Tattoosforearm tattoosForensic MedicineFree For Artistsfreedom tattoosfreehand tattoofreehand techniqueFreemasonryfruit tattoo practiceFruit Tattooingfruit tattoosFundraisingFuture of Tattoosfuture trendsfuture trends in tattoo removalFuturistic TattoosGalaxy Tattoosgaming cultureGastronomyGen ZGenZTravelgeometric designsgeometric tattoosglobal practicesglobal talentglobal tattoo standardsglovesGlow-in-the-Dark TattoosglycerinGokuGold Tattoo InkGood Luck Charmsgothgoth tattoosgothic fontsgothic portraitsgothic tattoosgothicaGraffiti ArtistGranulomasgranulomas from tattoosgray realismGreek Mythologygreen ink supplygreen soapgreen tattoo inkgreywashguide to mixing colorsguide to mixing tattoo inksHand and Finger Tattooshand tattoosHand-Poked Tattooshand-tappingHands-on experiencehandwritten fontshard waterHarry Potter TattoosHawaiian tattooshawk tattooHealinghealing processhealing tattoo inkhealth and safetyhealth consciousnessHealth Directiveshealth regulationsHealth Riskshealth risks of tattooshealthcare providerheart tattooheavy metalsheavy metals in tattoo inkhectograph transfer paperHenna Practiceherb tattoosheritagehigh-quality inkhigh-quality tattoo inkHigher ConsciousnesshighlightingHighly experienced tattoo artistHindu tattooshiring staffHistorical SymbolsHistorical Tattooshistorical usehistoryhistory of tattooHistory of Tattooshistory of the tattoo needlehome tattoo removal techniquesHome Tattooinghomemade tattoo inkHoneydew Practicehori needleshormonal medicationsHorror Tattooshow to be a professional tattoo artist.how to begin tattoohow to dispose of tattoo inkhow to learn how to tattoohow to mix tattoo inkshow to prevent contamination in tattoo inkhow to start tattooinghow to store tattoo inkhow to use wetting solutionhuman canvashummingbird tattooHydrationhygieneHygiene and Safetyhygiene and sanitationIconic ImageryIconsIdentityIdentity FormationImaginationImmortalized TattoosImmune Responseimmune response modifiersImpulsive DecisionsInclusivityinclusivity.Indian Tattoo CultureIndian Tattoo HistoryIndianTribalTattoosindigenous artindigenous culturesIndigenous Tattoo TraditionsIndividual ExpressionindividualityIndonesianTattoosIndustry StandardsinfectiInfection RiskInfection Risksinfinity symbolinfinity symbol tattooinfinity tattoo designinfluencer marketingInk Absorptionink additivesink behaviorink breakdownink consistencyink contaminationink contamination risksink degradationink diluentsink dilutionink flowInk InteractionInk Longevityink manufacturersInk MasterInk Migrationink mixingInk Precisionink propertiesink qualityink quality and safetyink quality standardsink removalInk Reviewink saturationink setsink shelf lifeink storageInk Swatchesink textureink versatilityInk Vibrancyink viscosityInked Practiceinking in greenInkjecta Flite X1inkjet printerInner StrengthinnovationInnovation In Inkinorganic pigmentsInspirationInstagramintelligentintelligent signsinternational tattoo lawsInterpersonal skillsiPadsIrezumiirritationitchinessitchingitching after tattooiwiJapanese craftsmanshipJapanese FolkloreJapanese tattoo cultureJapanese tattoo needlesJapanese tattoo traditionsJapanese tattoosJokerKaneki KenkapeKat Von DKeith HaringKelly Dotykeratinizationkevin boudreauKielcekirituhikorukosher inkKwadron proteamlaser printerlaser tattoo removallatest postsleaf tattoosLearninglearning to tattooleg tattooslegacylegal aspectsLegal ConsiderationsLegendsLGBTQ+license renewallicensing feesLichenoid ReactionsLidocainelidocaine and tattooslife phaseslifelike portraitLifestylelight effects in tattooslightweight tattoo machinelimitationsliner machinelining and shading inkLining WhiteLion TattoosLiterary QuotesLiterature TattoosLivestock managementLivestock TattooingLiving Tattoo Artlocation of tattoolong-term exposurelong-term health effectslongevityLongevity symbolslove tattoosLuffymachine compatibilitymachine lubricationmagnesiummagnum needlesmainstream culturemainstream mediaMainstream Tattoosmaintenance tipsmale tattoomale tattoo ideasmanamanaging expectationsmandala tattoosmanual tattoo transfermanufacturersMaori cultureMaori Ta MokoMarine life tattoosmaritime-inspired fontsmarketingMarvel-inspired tattoosmasking skin conditionsMasonic SymbolsMasonic TattoosmatauMatt Hodelmeaningful tattoosMedical AlertMedical Alert Tattoosmedical field tattoo usesMedical RisksMedical Tattooingmedical tattoosmedical-grade alcoholmedicationsmemorial tattoosmemoriesMen's TattoosMental Healthmental health tattoosMentoringmentorshipMentorship in Tattooingmetallic inksMetallic TattoosMichal Wursztmicro tattoosMicropigmentationMiddle EastMikasa AckermanmiliaMillennialTravelMindfulnessmineral contentmineral-based tattoo inksminimalist tattoosmisconceptionsmixingmixing containermixing sticksmixing tattoo inksmixing techniquesmodern designsmodern fontsmodern tattoo artistsModern TattooingModern Tattooing in IndiaModern Technologymoisturized skinmoisturizingMolesMoon TattoosMoral Lessonsmountain tattooMoviesMRI complications with tattoosmulti-colored worksMuseum ArtMusic SymbolsMusic TattoosMythological TattoosMythologyMythology in Tattoosmyths about tattoosname tattoosNanotechnologyNarutoNative American tattoosNatsu Dragneelnatural healing processnatural oilsnatural remedies for tattoo removalNatural tattoo inkNature Tattoosneck tattoosneedle compatibilityneedle depthneedle gaugeneedle identificationneedle penetrationneedle sizeNeo TrNeo-traditional TattoosNeotraditional Tattoosneutral color setneutral colorsNew School 12 color setNew School tattoosnew tools in tattoosNew York Historical SocietyNew ZealandNFTsNightlifeNikko HurtadoNo Facenon-toxic materialsNorse mythologyNorth AmericaNumbing OintmentsNurturingOceaniaOld School tattoosoldest tattooOnline Platformsonline shoppingoozing and peeling after tattooOptical Illusionsorangesorganic inkorganic inksorganic pigmentsOrganic Tattoo InkOriental styleoriginsornamental tattoosOSHAotziowl tattooowning a tattoo studioPac-ManPain ManagementPain ReductionPain TolerancepassionPassion for tattooingpatient care advancementsPatient Identificationpeacock tattooPerceptionPermanent ArtPermanent Inkpermanent makeupPersonal EmpowermentPersonal ExpressionPersonal FreedomPersonal GrowthPersonal IdentityPersonal Journeypersonal journeyspersonal meaningPersonal NarrativesPersonal Significancepersonal stylePersonal SymbolismPersonal TattoosPersonal transformationPersonalized tattoo experiencepersonalizing tattoosPet Identification.pH changepH levelsPhoenix Tattoosphoto-realisticphotoallergic reactionPhotoallergic ReactionsPhotostability.Pig Skin Tattoopigmentpigment allergiespigment chemistspigment concentrationpigment dilutionpigment dispersionpigment dispersion sciencePigment Hypersensitivitypigment lightfastnesspigment migrationpigment qualitypigment-to-carrier ratioPigmentspinkspixel artPlaneta Biuplanning tattooPlastic Surgerypneumatic tattoo machinesPokémonPolandPolish tattoo artistPolycyclic Aromatic HydrocarbonspolynesianpoolPop ArtPop Culturepop culture influencePop Culture Referencespop culture tattoosPopular Sci-Fi Franchisespopular tattoos for womenPopularitypore blockageportable tattoo ink systemportable tattoo kitportfolio buildingPost-Operative Tattoospower supply settingsPower Tattoopractice and patiencePractice Materialsprecautionsprecision in tattooingprehistoric tattoospreservationpreventing smearingpridePrilocainePrimary Aromatic AminesProcreateProcreate Swatchesproductionprofessional considerations for tattoosprofessional developmentProfessional Suppliesprofessional tattoo artistsprofessional tattoo artists.Professional Tattoo Gearprofessional tattoo removalprofessional tattooingprofessionalismProfessionalTattooingproper ink storage